Dec 2, 2020

Kubernetes: Rights & Roles with kubectl and RBAC - How to restrict kubectl for a user to a namespace

Playing around with my MicroK8S i was thinking about restricting access to the default namespace. Why?

Every command adds something and so your default namespace gets polluted more and more and cleaning up might be a lot of work.


There is neither a HOWTO nor some quickstart into this. Everything you can find is:

But after this very detailed article you know a lot of things, but for restricting the kubectl you are as smart as before.

One thing i learned in this article:

You do not have to use these YAML files - everything can be done with commands and their options (i do not like YAML, so this was a very important understanding for me).

At the end it is very easy:

export K8S_USER="ateamuser"
export NAMESPACE="ateam"
export BINDING="ateambinding"
export ROLE="ateamrole"
kubectl create namespace $NAMESPACE
kubectl label namespaces $NAMESPACE team=a
kubectl create clusterrole ateamrole  --verb="*"  --resource="*.*"
kubectl create rolebinding $BINDING --clusterrole=$ROLE --user=$K8S_USER -n $NAMESPACE
kubectl create serviceaccount $K8S_USER -n $NAMESPACE
kubectl describe sa $K8S_USER -n $NAMESPACE
and just test it with:

root@zigbee:/home/ubuntu/kubernetes# kubectl get pods -n ateam  --as=ateamuser
NAME                  READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
web-96d5df5c8-cc9jv   1/1     Running   0          14m
root@zigbee:/home/ubuntu/kubernetes# kubectl get pods -n default  --as=ateamuser
Error from server (Forbidden): pods is forbidden: User "ateamuser" cannot list resource "pods" in API group "" in the namespace "default"
So there is not a big script needed - but building these commands was really a hard job...

If you want to know, how to restrict the kubectl on a remote computer, please write a comment. 

One last remark: In microK8s you enable RBAC with the command

microk8s.enable rbac

Check this with

microk8s is running
high-availability: no
  datastore master nodes:
  datastore standby nodes: none
    dashboard            # The Kubernetes dashboard
    dns                  # CoreDNS
    ha-cluster           # Configure high availability on the current node
    ingress              # Ingress controller for external access
    metrics-server       # K8s Metrics Server for API access to service metrics
    rbac                 # Role-Based Access Control for authorisation
    helm                 # Helm 2 - the package manager for Kubernetes
    helm3                # Helm 3 - Kubernetes package manager
    host-access          # Allow Pods connecting to Host services smoothly
    linkerd              # Linkerd is a service mesh for Kubernetes and other frameworks
    metallb              # Loadbalancer for your Kubernetes cluster
    registry             # Private image registry exposed on localhost:32000
    storage              # Storage class; allocates storage from host directory

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