Ubuntu: Hibernate/Suspend to disk: Resume problem with ATI Radeon R7

On a new Lenovo laptop i had some issues with supsend/resume.
I installed tux on ice and the suspend process worked, but the resume just freezed after some seconds.

First step to solve this problem was to stop the graphics (/etc/init.d/lightdm stop) and try it again.

This attempt worked without a problem, so it was clear: the resume problem is a issue with the graphic card:
laptop:~$ lspci
01:00.0 Display controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Topaz XT [Radeon R7 M260/M265] (rev ff9)
So i tried to disable the modesettings with grub. I changed in /etc/default/grub

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="resume=/dev/sda9 quiet splash"
 GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="resume=/dev/sda9 quiet splash  nomodeset"
and then the command
And after that everything worked...

Here an explanation from https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1613132:
The newest kernels have moved the video mode setting into the kernel. So all the programming of the hardware specific clock rates and registers on the video card happen in the kernel rather than in the X driver when the X server starts.. This makes it possible to have high resolution nice looking splash (boot) screens and flicker free transitions from boot splash to login screen. Unfortunately, on some cards this doesnt work properly and you end up with a black screen. Adding the nomodeset parameter instructs the kernel to not load video drivers and use BIOS modes instead until X is loaded.

Note that this option is sometimes needed for nVidia cards when using the default "nouveau" drivers. Installing proprietary nvidia drivers usually makes this option no longer necessary, so it may not be needed to make this option permanent, just for one boot until you installed the nvidia drivers.


Ubuntu: WLAN module for bcm43-chipset gone after reboot...

Today i ran with a laptop into the following problem:
After a reboot the system lost its WLAN:
 # uname -a Linux Notebook 3.13.0-86-generic #131-Ubuntu SMP Thu May 12 23:33:13 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
# lspci | grep 802.11
02:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM43142 802.11b/g/n (rev 01)
Trying a modprobe wl failed...
There were some posts, which suggested to install kernel-drivers, dkms and so on, but this was not the problem, but it led me to the solution:
I tried to install this packages an i got the following:
root@Notebook:~# apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -a) build-essentials dmks E: Der dpkg-Prozess wurde unterbrochen; Sie müssen manuell »sudo dpkg --configure -a« ausführen, um das Problem zu beheben.
And here we go:

root@Notebook:~# dpkg --configure -a
mysql-client-core-5.5 (5.5.53-0ubuntu0.14.04.1) wird eingerichtet ...
libgpgme++2 (4:4.13.3-0ubuntu0.3) wird eingerichtet ...
sudo (1.8.9p5-1ubuntu1.3) wird eingerichtet ...
Konfigurationsdatei »/etc/sudoers«
 ==> Geändert (von Ihnen oder von einem Skript) seit der Installation.
 ==> Paketverteiler hat eine aktualisierte Version herausgegeben.
   Wie möchten Sie vorgehen? Ihre Wahlmöglichkeiten sind:
    Y oder I : Die Version des Paket-Betreuers installieren
    N oder O : Die momentan installierte Version beibehalten
       D     : Die Unterschiede zwischen den Versionen anzeigen
       Z     : Eine Shell starten, um die Situation zu begutachten
 Der Standardweg ist das Beibehalten der momentanen Version.
*** sudoers (Y/I/N/O/D/Z) [Vorgabe=N] ?
xscreensaver-data (5.15-3+deb7u1ubuntu0.1) wird eingerichtet ...
initramfs-tools (0. 103ubuntu4.4) wird eingerichtet ...
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)
bcmwl-kernel-source ( wird eingerichtet ...
Loading new bcmwl- DKMS files...
Building only for 3.13.0-86-generic
Building for architecture x86_64
Building initial module for 3.13.0-86-generic
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/3.13.0-86-generic/updates/dkms/
DKMS: install completed.
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)
unity (7.2.6+14.04.20160408-0ubuntu1) wird eingerichtet ...
Now the WLAN was up again...
Apparently the last system update was waiting for an enter, but i forgot this windows and did the reboot...


Debian dist-upgrade: from 7(wheezy) to 8(jessie): udev...

I was running my own kernel on my laptop. But doing the upgrade from debian 7 to 8, i ran in the following problem:
Since release 198, udev requires support for the following features in
the running kernel:

- inotify(2)            (CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER)
- signalfd(2)           (CONFIG_SIGNALFD)
- accept4(2)
- open_by_handle_at(2)  (CONFIG_FHANDLE)
- timerfd_create(2)     (CONFIG_TIMERFD)
- epoll_create(2)       (CONFIG_EPOLL)
Since release 176, udev requires support for the following features in
the running kernel:

- devtmpfs         (CONFIG_DEVTMPFS)

Please upgrade your kernel before or while upgrading udev.

AT YOUR OWN RISK, you can force the installation of this version of udev
AT THE NEXT REBOOT by creating the /etc/udev/kernel-upgrade file.
There is always a safer way to upgrade, do not try this unless you
understand what you are doing!

dpkg: Fehler beim Bearbeiten des Archivs /var/cache/apt/archives/udev_215-17+deb8u5_i386.deb (--unpack):
 Unterprozess neues pre-installation-Skript gab den Fehlerwert 1 zurück
So i changed to the default kernel of debian, but with this one systems was not able to mount the partitions, because the old kernel mounted the disk on /dev/hda and the new one on /dev/sda.
So i had to rewrite the /etc/fstab and after that, the dist-upgrade could continue...